Hofstadter’s Quantum-Mechanical Butterfly relates to the fractional Quantum Hall Effect, which is (IMHO) at the heart of understanding (interpreting) how QM really works!

I modified Wolfram Demonstration code by Enrique Zeleny to produce a short video of the emergence of the Hofstadter’s Quantum-Mechanical Butterfly

I found an interesting pattern. By modifying the integer used in the solution i=12, the Golden Ratio Ф=(1+Sqrt[5])/2=1.618 … emerges within the butterfly! Can you find it (or 1/Ф=.618…)?

Hint: Use the interactive version and mouse-over the red or green dots in the white space of the wings of butterfly.

A snapshot of the code and last frame@n=50:

If you have the free *Mathematica* CDF plugin on a non-Chrome browser, you can interactively analyze this with n<11 being presented with symbolic solutions in a mouse-over Tooltip (below).